Author: zapati78

Marijuana use during lactation

This is a study, research and from the greatest respect it, also published by demand for doubt there is to it.

Some aware that it is a sensitive issue and can become controversial. But since I encourage you to give clarity to publish this article and everyone draw their own conclusions. We’re just a channel to publish such information.

Another thing we want to mention (since you can hit some) is that the vast majority of studies and scientific research conducted in laboratories are often made with mammalian animals in this case. The reliability of these goes through a thorough study before becoming public. We know that many you can hit this theme or feel slightly compared with an animal (some comments have had such), but from science many steps to reach conclusions are made.

They were given small amounts of radiolabeled THC infants monkeys receiving oral regularly 2 mg of THC per kilo of weight between 2 and 5 times a week. During the observation period of 24 hours, approximately 0.2% of the labeled THC appeared in the breast milk.

The present study investigated the relationship between infant exposure to marijuana through breast milk and motor and mental development at one year. 136 infants were selected and controlled until they were one year. 68 were exposed to marijuana present in breast milk, and were compared with another 68 in turn exposed to alcohol and snuff during pregnancy.

Marijuana exposure maternally during the first month after birth was associated with a decrease in motor development (movements) at the age of one year. There was no association between exposure in the third month and motor development. There was also no relationship between children’s mental development and exposure to marijuana or the first month or the third.

The result should be interpreted with caution due to the nature of the study. You cannot infer from these results that marijuana exposure during lactation impairs infant motor development at the age of one year. Exposure to marijuana lactation appeared to impair motor development, but this does not mean that there is a cause-effect relationship. Exposure to marijuana during pregnancy, passive inhalation of it in the air and interactions between mother and child are three factors that can act as input confounding factors in the associations observed in this study.

Small amounts of THC pass into the milk of cannabis using mothers. In a study in monkeys who chronically received THC in breast milk it appeared 0.2% of the same. Therefore, daily consumption of 50 mg of THC (eg, one gram of marijuana with a THC content of 5%) would result in daily 0.1 mg THC in breast milk.

Chronic use of THC by the mother leads to an accumulation in the milk and may reach higher concentrations in the blood. In one study, the amount of THC in the milk was 8.4 times higher than in blood. Considering figures higher concentrations, i.e. 10 ng / ml (Nano grams per milliliter) THC in blood and 100 ng / ml in milk, would result in the amount of 0.07 mg of THC per 700 ml of milk. 700 ml is what normally eat a baby at each feeding.

Moreover, two studies were conducted to investigate the effects on child development of cannabis use in nursing mothers. One found no effect, the other found slight effects on motor development , if cannabis was more than 15 times during the first month after birth.

The amount of THC found in breast milk of cannabis users is low despite its accumulation by continued use. Only heavy cannabis use will result in amounts that may be relevant to the infant. It is likely that occasional use or under should not effect.

Marijuana is a drug. Good or bad? Part 3

Methodological rigor, the authors of such studies have concluded that marijuana acts as a relatively effective drug, but more research is needed to establish its long-term safety. Moreover, in an advanced stage other research suggesting the potential use of cannabis in treating glaucoma, epilepsy and diabetes mellitus.

5 possible efficacies in treating intractable hiccups and Alzheimer’s disease is also investigated, among other. All this should not be surprising, since it has been shown that there is practically cannabinoid receptors throughout the body. Activation or inhibition can have multiple effects. Surely in the next few years will accurately do its true scope within the therapeutic. It needs further investigation.

In the interpretation of the studies that have been published it should be noted that the chemical composition of cannabis sativa is very complex because it contains more than 460 metabolites, including 60 cannabinoids, of which the delta-9 is the most abundant. Some chemicals plant are similar to delta-9 effects, while others have different and even antagonistic effects; while others lack psychoactive effects, but have properties of different nature. Therefore, it is wrong to attribute only the delta-9 all the effects of marijuana.

An important aspect worth noting is that the components of cannabis are absorbed well by various routes (oral, mucosa, skin), and pharmaceutical formulations already available in other countries include both capsules and drops, eye drops and ointments, which facilitates clinical use with precise doses purposes.

For all the above and in front of the available evidence, we can conclude that marijuana or cannabis sativa rider, it meets in principle pharmacological criteria of a drug. If the results of scientifically controlled clinical studies continue in the same direction, marijuana (be more appropriate to say cannabis) will increase from Level I to Level II, which has two meanings: on the one hand, this is a product whose potential for abuse is real; but, on the other, which also has formally accepted medical uses and may be at the same level of other drugs such as morphine, methadone, fentanyl, and so on.

Marijuana is a drug. Good or bad? Part 2

Physical dependence, which when developed is always gradually occurs depending on dose and time used. One approach to suspect that physiological dependence would be when after cessation of chronic drug use obvious withdrawal symptoms, symptoms that are controlled to restart their consumption, or taking a similar drug with which share properties are presented, which It is called “cross-tolerance”.

Marijuana use in adolescents at high doses and for prolonged periods causes damage to the intellectual functions that should not be underestimated. When the nervous system is still maturing, the risks of generating persistent deficiencies are mayores.

For the above it must be assumed that marijuana is a drug. It is not safe. It is classified at Level I, which means it has a potential for abuse, and that even when their use for medical purposes is not universally accepted (because the information available about their efficacy and safety is not sufficient), there is no doubt that it has a growing interest in the scientific community for its apparent potential to treat various diseases.

Indeed, interest in the potential therapeutic properties of marijuana was revived in the early nineties of last century, when the existence of specific sites was confirmed in the membrane of nerve cells, which are capable of binding to the active components drug and are known as receptors. This fundamental finding was followed by the identification of substances similar to cannabis (known as cannabinoids) but that are produced by the brain naturally. It therefore is endogenous ligands, which bind to these specific sites in the cell membrane; i.e. the same receptors that are activated drug metabolites bind.

We now know that all mammals, including humans, have a system that manufactures, releases and destroys its own cannabinoids. These are defined as endogenous, to distinguish them from those produced by cannabis, in any case, they are exogenous. It is also known that in the body system (the cannabinoid system) has important regulatory tasks such as learning, memory, pain, sleep-wake cycle, etc., and is also actively involved in the development and maturation of the central nervous system, in such a way that marijuana produces it’s because activates or inhibits normal physiological processes effects, as do other drugs that are regularly used in the clinic.

This explains the interest aroused by the knowledge of potential medicinal properties of cannabis sativa. So much so that a number of rigorous clinical studies, supported by the scientific method, suggest that cannabis may have therapeutic properties.

According to popular knowledge, marijuana is “good” to treat various symptoms: pain, anxiety, vomiting, convulsions, loss of appetite, insomnia, obesity and shortness of breath, among others. Meanwhile, scientifically controlled clinical studies show that cannabis products may have a beneficial effect on:

1) patients with chronic pain who do not respond to conventional treatments (such as diabetic neuropathy, rheumatoid arthritis, etc.);

2) patients with nausea and vomiting caused by chemotherapy and unresponsive to conventional treatments;

3) patients with multiple sclerosis in whom we have seen improvement in spasticity and reduction in pain;

4) patients with certain movement disorders (such as Tourette’s syndrome);

5) terminally ill patients, in which case “relieve” pain and “decreases” suffering. In medicine the term “terminal disease” implies that it cannot be cured and that, therefore, the patient’s death is expected in a relatively short time (may be weeks or months).

Marijuana is a drug. Good or bad? Part 1

The joint is made with young leaves and flowers (buds) dry and crumbling of Cannabis sativa plant is known for centuries for its psychoactive and medicinal properties. For consumption, in addition to the cigarette, also common pipes or water pipes (hookahs) are used.

With inhaling the smoke reaches the lungs, where its components are absorbed quickly, pass into the blood and distributed throughout the body, including the central nervous system, where produce alterations in thinking and behavior changes generally attributed to delta-9-tetrahydrocannabinol (delta-9), which is the most abundant and powerful psychoactive principle.

The effects of marijuana and magnitude of these relate to the variety of cannabis use, with the dose consumed with the way in which it is administered, as well as the previous user experience, expectations and surrounding environment.

The main reason that smoking marijuana is the desire to experience its euphoric effects, which can be achieved with relatively low doses (2.5-5.0 mg of delta-9). In addition to a feeling of extreme well-being (euphoria), pleasure and relaxation, uninhibitedly users share their thoughts and experiences. This sense of well-being can be accompanied (again depending on the dose and variety of cannabis) of some distortion in perceptions, so that the colors appear brighter, more vivid music and emotions more intense.

Under the influence of marijuana there is a shortage of mental and psychomotor processes; these effects share certain characteristics with those observed when alcohol is consumed or anxiety, the type of benzodiazepines are taken. Are affected negatively: alertness, judgment, learning, memory, the ability of abstraction and concentration; in turn, increases the time of response to stimuli and muscle coordination is reduced. Therefore, as with alcohol and sedatives, marijuana users are at increased risk of accidents (especially vehicle).

Chronic users tend to operate at a lower cognitive level, and this explains why they get lower grades in school and are at greater risk of dropping out of school than those who do not eat the grass. Among the negative effects of acute poisoning can also occur anxiety disorders, hallucinations, panic attacks and systemic level, increased heart rate and the arterial.1 pressure in some people, especially beginners, inhaling marijuana cause unpleasant reactions, which may explain the high number of people who report in surveys that have tried only “once in life”.

Persistent marijuana use is associated with the development of two known phenomena: tolerance, which forces them to periodically increase the dose; and dependence, both psychic and physical. Most people try drugs out of curiosity in order to experience, to know what it is; This often occurs during adolescence or early adulthood. For many the experience is unique or sporadic, recreational purposes and for a limited time. This is the case in most users. However, in other cases, for approximately 10% occasional consumption becomes frequent and people become dependent on their psychostimulant effects. They become addicted. As with other addictions, dependent on marijuana are characterized by compulsive drug seeking, loss of control and insistence by using (psychological dependence), although well aware of the problems associated with their consumption.

Marijuana in the spiritual world and work with chakras

It is the first time we publish something that is out of the evidence of science and research, but it seems important to publish this article. Since it is also well known by many holistic therapies they are bearing fruit also in medicine and many therapists, gurus, thinkers are turning to this “sacred herb” Marijuana as a tool of consciousness and spiritual healing.

Each explores their reality and consciousness in their own way.

If you are a regular user, then you probably already know that cannabis works on the result you want to achieve.

You need to consciously decide what effect we want to have before smoking, otherwise the subconscious.

For example:

  • If you want to increase appetite, that’s what it will do.
  • If you smoke because you want to relieve pain, relax and de-stress, it will help too.
  • Obviously other factors come into play as the quality of the grass, the amount you eat, the kind of variety you are consuming, how you’re using, etc., but mostly, strains of cannabis tend to function the same way when it comes to meditation. As with many things in life, it’s all about intention you put behind.
  • Another wonder of Cannabis is that it can improve the “energy body “, not only physical. Cannabis “expands your consciousness”. That is why it has always been considered a “sacred herb”. It is also mentioned in the Vedic literature and dates back to about 7,000 years, chakras are energy portals simply the physical and energetic bodies as it stimulates the energy points of the body or “chakras”.
  • 7 Chakras are and go from head to our base of the spine. You can easily feel the reality of these noting those areas where the feeling is concentrated in the body, such as the area of ​​the throat, heart and stomach. Notice how also can strengthen or at least change the feeling when someone enters the room. This is not merely psychological, is the real psychic effect of one person to another.

This occurs in part because the buzz attracts a stream of subatomic particles starters (chi) in our systems. The chakras are opened to better accommodate this flow. Also more open, (literally a larger diameter, of the usual 4 or 5 inches wide, two times or more than the amount) due to the high vibration of the grass.

High vibrations (feelings) make us feel more loose and more kind to others, while low vibrations make us more withdrawn and distrustful of others.

Marijuana helps reduce cancer tumors

According to research conducted by researchers at University of East Anglia in England, marijuana can be a compound capable of stopping the growth of cancer tumors.

The research was published in the Journal of Biological Chemistry, and reveals that THC (tetra hidrocarbo cannabinol), the main compound cannabis generates shrinkage of tumors with cancer.

According to Dr. Peter McCormick, this compound is known to act in a specific family of receptor cells, however, is still unknown how the THC that is responsible to have these effects in tumors.

The discoveries were made by injecting mice using THC two breast cancer cells. the effect of the substance is explained, however, is not known how it works in cells, so they know is far from knowing the precise effects.

On the other hand, it is necessary to study the dose to be applied, for an appropriate and effective reduction of the tumor in question. In addition, the substance did not work similarly in other tumors.

This is not the first time scientists discovered that marijuana is an effective substance to fight cancer. In previous research, they found that THC can halve a lung tumor, and also stop it spreading to other parts.

It has been revealed that the CBD (cannabidiol), another compound cannabis is a promising substance in the fight against cancer, since some studies failed to stop metastasis in many types of aggressive cancer.

Marijuana for medicinal uses is still under discussion around the world, especially in America, where the company pushes its legalization for therapeutic purposes. Remains to be seen, the way research can carve for its use is not punishable by law.

Marijuana for asthma


Although we are quite aware today about the bad habit of smoking, which can cause us serious illness and long-term consequences in terms of our lungs and affect other organs, marijuana stays out of most of the conclusions removed from snuff, and some studies have shown that it is a powerful asset to combat pulmonary system related diseases.

Although probably under pressure from governments and some lobbyists with interest, most of these studies concluded and no relevant findings, certain laboratory tests have shown that patients with respiratory problems that are given marijuana respond better than the who they are treated with other substances. In fact, cannabis has an innate component that causes the expansion of the bronchi, which can reduce discomfort for asthma and especially increase lung capacity of the patient.

Therapeutic Cannabis

Associations towards the use of cannabis for therapeutic purposes are clear that marijuana has many options for the treatment of diseases, and tests they perform in their own clubs in which the consumption of this plant is allowed despite be prohibited in most countries considered an illegal – drug, improvements are evident.

Probably the less striking result that smoking marijuana can be a positive way to the lungs. However, keep in mind that, unlike snuff, cannabis is a natural plant that it is not processed for consumption.

Finally, it should be noted that the few studies that have seen the light and have given approval to the use of cannabis in the treatment of asthma and other diseases such as COPD, have concluded that only works on one plant consumption. If mixed with snuff whole effects are lost, and also suffer serious respiratory consequences.

Marijuana use reduces dopamine in the brain

The dopamine  is a transmitter in the brain crucial for the movement, thought and memory; but, above all, we know as the “hormone of pleasure”. Now, a new study conducted by researchers at the Medical Center of Columbia University in New York (USA) has revealed that marijuana could compromise the dopamine system.

Previous studies have found that drugs considered more “forceful” like heroin and cocaine decreased dopamine release; but, until now, he had never associated this result to marijuana.

Most addictions  to drugs end up blunting the release of dopamine during the greater dependence. On this basis, the researchers wanted to know if marijuana was linked to similar to these effects. To do this, they had the participation of 11 adults between 21 and 40 years, large marijuana (smoked marijuana daily), and also with 12 adults who did not consume any substance.

Experts used the technique of positron emission tomography (PET) to track a molecule that binds to the dopamine receptors in the brain in order to measure the release of this neurotransmitter in the brain striatum and in other regions such as the thalamus, midbrain and globus pallidus.

During the weeklong experiment, participants were unable to use marijuana to prevent images would measure the effects of this substance. The results showed that compared with the control group, the striatum of volunteers taking marijuana had a lower level of release of dopamine; so did other regions. All of them had lower levels of dopamine, which is associated with inattention and problems in learning and working memory.

” We do not know whether the decrease in dopamine was a preexisting condition or results of cannabis. But the conclusion is that long – term, cannabis use may endanger the dopaminergic system, which could have a variety of negative effects on learning  and behavior , “says the leader of the work.

Marijuana: Five pluses scientifically supported

Approve or prohibit the use of marijuana should be one of the most controversial discussions in the Western world. Cannabis smokers claim that smoking is much more harmful, it is a myth that marijuana leads to hard drug addiction and that the traffic problem would be solved by legalizing the plant so that everyone can grow if desired.

Here are 5 points we discussed, some conducted by various universities and institutions that support some positive effects of marijuana:

  1. The marijuana smoke is less harmful than cigarette: Many disagree and even say they smoke a spliff is more toxic than the snuff, but the truth is that a marijuana smoker, could hardly smoking on par with a person who consumes two packs a day. Forty days is not a feat that many do. But if I must say that cannabis users tend to hold the smoke longer in the lungs.

According to a study by the University of California, San Francisco, USA, marijuana smokers have lung and respiratory functions much less damaged than ordinary consumers of snuff. Yale University conducted research in 2007 that showed that smoking marijuana has no relation, for example, with the development of pulmonary emphysema.

  1. Smoking cannabis does not exacerbate mental problems, the contrary: Violent episodes of people, or criminal behavior often associated with alcohol or drugs. But marijuana is rarely a trigger for these behaviors. It is very unlikely that a murderer or rapist has these baser instincts by smoking a joint. However, cocaine or a bottle of whiskey can stimulate more strongly mental problems or schizophrenia of a subject. This does not mean that a normal person go crazy just by consuming these substances.

The negative effects of marijuana on men and women with mental problems were discarded by scientists. Experts from these houses of study also noted that marijuana can soothe or relax some mental disorders.

  1. Legalizing marijuana could lower suicide rates: A study from the University of San Diego and Montana State University, US, found that in the process of legalization of marijuana suicide rates among Americans between 20 and 39 years of age dropped considerably.
  2. Car crashes the star mostly people who consumed alcohol or other drugs, and in a small percentage who smoked marijuana: According to research, the link marijuana and traffic accidents is almost nonexistent. Professionals exemplified, based on the statistics, the odds of having a car accident for consumption of marijuana were 1.06, against a 2.96 cocaine and 4.46 amphetamines.
  3. The cannabis has medicinal properties: It is no secret that thousands of people use marijuana to reduce their physical ailments. This natural pain reliever is much older than those who sell traditional pharmacies. Relieving sclerosis, arthritis and muscle contractions are the many specialties of marijuana.

It should be noted that there are many studies showing the negative effects of marijuana, but others also talk about the negatives, just googled can read before consuming or even before criticizing cannabis smokers.

Marijuana doubled in twelve years in the US. 

The estimated adult consumers of marijuana figure doubled in the US between 2001 and 2013, reaching 9.5% of the population. As is the case with alcohol, many individuals who consume become addicted. the attitude and social perception and the legal treatment to this drug you are changing. In fact, there are 23 states where medical use is regulated and allowed cannabis, and there are four states where recreational use is allowed.

The authors of the study, managed data on prevalence rates of cannabis use and rates of disorders among consumers United States. the prevalence of marijuana rose from 4.1% of the adult population in 2001 to 9.5% in 2013.

The increase was particularly pronounced among women and among blacks, Hispanics, and Southerners, and among individuals at the age of 45-64 years. The rate of dependence or addiction also increased from 1.5% to 2.9% in the same period. This means that 6.8 million Americans abuse of this substance. However, disorders associated with consumption fell 30% consumer (35.6% in 2001).

The study concludes that “while many citizens think that should end the ban on recreational use, this and other research suggests the need for caution and implement a public education about the potential risks of marijuana use, including the danger of falling in addiction, although, as with the  spirit , many individuals may use marijuana without becoming addicted. However, the high risk of resulting disorders (30%) indicates that we must find a balance between use in therapies medical and recreational use. “